Why did war break out in europe in 1939 essay

Why did World War I break out and who was to blame? These were two separate plans drawn up by several different countries to protect each other and in effect, prevent war from breaking out. However, this was rather ironically one of the biggest reasons why the war was not just a small two-country war, but the largest scale war ever until World War II. This is because these plans drew up hatred, anger and. Why did the Russian Revolution break out, and how significant was the Revolution in bringing about political change by ?

The revolution broke out in because of the public unrest and economic depression caused by the Russo-Japanese war in ; and because of the "Bloody Sunday" of January 9th, The significance of the Revolution was determined by the October Manifesto, which was the Tsar's response. Why did tension increase in Europe from to ? There are various factors that amplified the tensions in Europe from to A few of the major factors were International rivalry, the arms race, colonialism and the Crisis's of Morocco and Bosnia. These factors, alongside numerous others contributed to fuelling the First World War.

International rivalry was, debatably, the biggest factor that caused the First World War. As the European. Why did the Paris peace settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe words - 6 pages Why did the Paris settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe?

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The First World War, was without a doubt one of the most tragic events in the history of people. It was fought on a scale, and at a cost in human suffering, unparalleled in the history of man kind. Countries from every continent, including most of those in Europe, had taken part. Whole populations had been marshalled to serve their countries war efforts1. All these came. If So Why? Magic was an accepted part of early modern society, and was no more or less accepted than science.

Science and magic differed in where the knowledge was obtained from. Science was taught through education and was formal in its basis, whereas magic took advantage of the development of print to spread knowledge. The literacy rate was fairly high in Western Europe and this meant that suddenly knowledge. Why did Chamberlain's policies for appeasement change from ? But as Hitler became an increasingly menacing problem, Europe looked the Britain and France to solve it. Britain was pressured to act. Events in Britain also pressured Chamberlain into abandoning appeasement. Many felt that the surrender of Czechoslovakia was disgraceful to Great Britain.

Stain's position as leader was under threat in There had been many calls for his removal, and many Communists wanted to build better relations with people. Stalin, for his part, was convinced that he was the only person who could transform the Soviet Union into a modern, industrialised country, and that it had to be done quickly. IntroductionThere wasn't just one main cause or reason for the outbreak of war in In fact, it was the build up of many different factors that led to the Second World War.

The following are the factors that led to war:The rearmament of GermanyGerman rearmament began after Hitler left the Geneva Disarmament Conference. He stated that as the victors of WWI would not disarm to his level, he would rearm. This began to change, however.

The Long Shadow: Europe After World War One (WW1 Documentary) - Timeline

He felt that Russia to the east and France to the west were encircling Germany. As a result, he built up his armed forces. France and Russia feared Germany and did the same. During the s, all of the great powers in Europe began to build up their armies and navies. British policy in Europe intended that no country in Europe should become completely dominant.

If Russia, France, Germany and Austria-Hungary worried about each other, then they would be less of a threat to Britain. By about it was becoming clear to Britain that the greatest potential threat to Britain was going to be Germany. The strong economy, large population and powerful armed forces of Germany seemed to be capable of dominating Europe.

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As a result, Britain began to support Russia and France. Britain joined the Triple Entente. Despite being part of the Triple Entente, Britain was not committed to going to war in The Foreign Secretary, Sir Edward Grey, spent much of the summer of furiously trying to reassure Russia and Germany and prevent a war happening. Germany hoped Britain would stay out of the war altogether. However, the Germans knew that Britain had promised to defend Belgium under the Treaty of London of The Germans wanted the British government to ignore the Treaty of London and let the German army pass through Belgium.

The British government made much of their duty to protect Belgium. Belgium's ports were close to the British coast and German control of Belgium would have been seen as a serious threat to Britain. In the end, Britain refused to ignore the events of 4 August , when Germany attacked France through Belgium. Within hours, Britain declared war on Germany. The Kaiser said how foolish he thought the British were.

Why Did War Break Out in Europe in ? Essay - Words | Cram

He said that Britain had gone to war for the sake of a "scrap of paper". In , Germany and Austria-Hungary formed an alliance the Dual Alliance that gave them great strength in the centre of Europe. In , the French and the Russians formed their own strong alliance the Dual Entente that meant Germany now had an unfriendly power on each side.

Soon afterwards, Germany's most powerful soldier, General Schlieffen, drew up a plan that would allow Germany to beat France very quickly in any future war.

Western Front (World War II)

This would then free most German troops to fight Russia in the east. China appealed to the League for help. The Japanese government were told to order the army to leave Manchuria immediately. However, the army took no notice of the government and continued its conquest of Manchuria. The League then called for countries to stop trading with Japan but because of the depression many countries did not want to risk losing trade and did not agree to the request. In October , Italy invaded Abyssinia. The Abyssinians did not have the strength to withstand an attack by Italy and appealed to the League of Nations for help.

The League condemned the attack and called on member states to impose trade restrictions with Italy. However, the trade restrictions were not carried out because they would have little effect. Italy would be able to trade with non-member states, particularly America. Furthermore, Britain and France did not want to risk Italy making an attack on them.


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Although Mussolini accepted the plan, there was a public outcry in Britain and the plan was dropped. The main reasons for the failure of the League of Nations can be summarised into the following points:.

Not all countries joined the League Although the idea for the League of Nations had come from Woodrow Wilson, there was a change of government in the United States before the signing of the treaty and the new Republican government refused to join. As a punishment for having started World War One, Germany was not allowed to join and Russia was also excluded due to a growing fear of Communism. Other countries decided not to join and some joined but later left. The League had no power.

The main weapon of the League was to ask member countries to stop trading with an aggressive country. However, this did not work because countries could still trade with non-member countries.

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