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A history of America in ten strikes. New York. We Can Unleash Another". Retrieved 13 March South Atlantic Quarterly. Retrieved 18 January Reviews in American History. Fraser; Peter C. Mancall 11 October Reconstruction: People and Perspectives.
Why Reconstruction Failed essays
Retrieved 25 February Du Bois. Du Bois Library W. Du Bois Institute. Du Bois Clubs of America. Reconstruction Era. Grant Rutherford B. Emancipation Proclamation General Order No. Stanton St. Landry riot of United States v.
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Harris Plessy v. Ferguson Williams v. Furthermore, the growing disparity between industrialized North and Agricultural South misbalanced the power of Northern and Southern states.
Slavery prevented South from radical changes and rapid industrialization, while the North needed resources available on the South and wanted to export capital to continue the industrialization of the nation. Political struggle between abolitionist and proponents of slavery at the top political level laid the political ground for the Civil War. In this regard, attempts of Southern states to preserve larger rights and liberties that provided them with the larger autonomy and sovereignty confronted the growing pressure from the part of the federal government that attempted to take broader control over states.
Southern states were unwilling to remain in the union with states opposing slavery, while the election of the President A.
Was the American Reconstruction Period a Success?
Lincoln meant the high probability of the abolition of slavery and Lincoln had started this policy since the beginning of his Presidency, as he took the office. In response to the election of Lincoln, Southern states declared the secession from the US. Hence, the attempts of the North to regain the unity of the nation resulted in the outbreak of active military actions in the course of the Civil War Epperson The major developments of the Civil War included the Naval war which resulted in the blockade of Southern states but the superior navy of Northern states.
As the major ports were blocked, Southern states had grown exhausted and running out of resources essential for the maintenance of the struggle against the union forces.
At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that the North attempted to undermine the situation in Southern states, declaring the abolition of slavery and freeing all slaves, as the Northern army advanced southward Norton In such a way, they gained the support of slaves, who were eager to set themselves free. The Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln in guaranteed the liberation of all slaves in rebellious states.
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In addition, the Northern army recruited African Americans, who joined Northerners in their struggle against Southern states. Eventually, the South had proved to be unable to restrain the assaults of the North and the war ended up in after four consecutive years of struggle and battles Watson At this point, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that slavery and policies conducted by the North in relation to slavery had had a considerable impact on the development and outcome of the war.
The attempts to abolish slavery triggered the outbreak of the Civil War. During the War, Northern states undermined the economic situation in the South encouraging slaves to rebel against their masters in the South and join the Northern army which they perceived as the liberation army. In such a way, Northern states destabilized the situation in Southern states, undermined their economy and used slaves and their liberation as an important part of their strategy that led them to the overall success in the war.
In such a situation, they used their technological superiority and naval blockade to complete the defeat of the South and finally declared the official abolition of slavery nationwide as the result of the war to show that the war had reached its major goal that actually became the primary cause of the war. Furthermore, by the end of the war, the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was implemented and granted slaves with freedom making the Emancipation Proclamation norms universal and permanent.
In such a way, the Thirteenth Amendment brought freedom to slaves nationwide and formally abolished slavery in the US. At first glance, the major goal of the Civil War was achieved but the abolition of slavery alone was not enough to integrate former slaves into the US society and make them a part of the nation.